Bhagat Singh: the brave martyr- By Adithya Sanju Raj

  • Contributed by : Adithya Sanju Raj
  • Status : Student
  • Class : N/A
  • Age : N/A
  • Mode : Medium
  • Article type : Essay
  • Target Age Group : 11-15 Years

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Indian Independence movement was a major turning point in the history of India and the world. As India got it’s independence, the British economy started to collapse which showed how much the British looted our wealth. British Empire exploited India to its core, and  used India as a shield against the great depression. Soon, the People of India started  protesting against colonial rule. The British imposed more laws to curb the protests. However, more and more  Indians came down  protesting on streets on the great cities of Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi and Lahore.

Bhagat Singh

It was during that time that Lala Rajpat Rai, a nationalist, was protesting against the Simon Commission in Lahore in a peaceful way. The British Police did a Baton charge against the protestors and Lala Rajpat Ray died a few weeks later from injury. After hearing about his death, the people of Punjab got to know that the main person behind his death is British Police superintendent James Scott who personally assaulted Lala Rajpat Rai.  Bhagat Singh , who became sad of knowing Rai’s death , got angry when he came to know that James Scott was behind it. So, he teamed up with Sukhdev, Rajguru and Chandra Shekar Azad to kill Scott.

One day , Bhagat saw a person who looked similar to Scott and shot him eight times while other three of them kept on giving a continuous barrage of bullets into the oncoming force. But Bhagat had mistaken John Saunders for James Scott.  after this incident Bhagat Singh and his friends went for an exile for a few year. But he was preparing for his next big move. He went to central legislative Assembly in Delhi and threw in home-made bombs and started firing huge barrages of bullets before the police could overtake him. He was arrested and sent to Lajore Jain. In the jail, he  and fellow comrade Jatin Das went on a hunger strike demanding equal rights for Indian and European prisoners' ultimately resulted in the death of Jatin Das.

After a long trail,  the judge proclaimed death penalty four all four of the freedom fighters, Bhagat Singh, Raj Guru, Sukhdev and Chandra Shekar Azad.  Bhagat Singh went to the gallows with a smiled and shouted the slogan “Inkulabh zindabadh” before being executed.  They all were executed on 23rd March 1931.

 The very next day , huge strikes erupted in several states of northern India to show the resentment of the people of India on their execution.  The ‘Shaheed Divas’ is celebrated to commemorate the death of all of the four martyrs and mainly Bhagat Singh, who was lionized in popular art, culture and in film industry after his death.

Today there is an 18-foot statue of Bhagat Singh sculpted by Ram .V. Sutar  in the Parliament of India and sculptures of Sukhdev, Rajguru and Bhagat are engraved on the walls of the great building. The life of Bhagat singh will always be an inspiration to all forever.

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