Dr Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, also known as Babasaheb Ambedkar, was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer. He was born in the Mahar caste, viewed as a Dalit caste. He had to face severe discrimination in society. Thus, he emphasized religious, caste and gender equality. He believed that the gap between different castes was necessary to equalize; otherwise, it would be hard to maintain India's unity.
Br Ambedkar was totally against the caste system; whereas, Mahatma Gandhi thought that the caste system was the basis of the Indian Community. Therefore, Ambedkar had criticized Gandhi bitterly.
On 29 August, he got appointed as the Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee to write India's new Constitution. It took him three years to draft it. The text prepared by Ambedkar provided constitutional guarantees and protections for a wide range of civil liberties for individual citizens. He also introduced the reservation system to create a social balance amongst the classes. Dr Ambedkar fought to eradicate the social evils like untouchability and for the rights of the Dalits and other socially backward classes throughout his life. Thus, he is rightly known as the father of the Indian Constitution because of all his contributions.